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There are various social and personal factors influencing health, but one’s own identity is very important. In today’s blog post, we will talk a little bit about people who identify as sexual and gender minorities, specifically people who identify as transgender.

When talking about people who identify as gender and sexual minorities, the umbrella term LGBT is often used, meaning lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. Grouping these terms together can be confusing, because each group has specific and individual needs and concerns. In particular, the “T” perspective of LGBT is often silenced or ignored, and many people are still confused about what it means to be transgender. Here are some terms to better understand transgender identity and how it differs from other identities related to gender and sexuality:

sex: The classification of a person as male or female based on their external anatomy.

gender identity: A person’s own, internal sense of their gender, which may or may not match the sex they were assigned at birth.

transgender: People whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from what they were assigned at birth.

genderqueer: People whose gender identity falls outside the male/female gender binary.

As you might understand from these terms, gender identity is a separate concept from sexual orientation. Understanding the difference between sexual orientation and gender identity is an important part of understanding how transgender identity is distinct from the other identities represented under the LGBT umbrella.

The term “sexual orientation” refers to who a person is attracted to. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual are all terms used to describe sexual orientation. Though transgender people also have a sexual orientation, “gender identity” is the more important term. It refers to the gender an individual internally identifies as, which is not related to sexual orientation. These concepts are often simplified as sexual orientation representing “who you like” and gender identity representing “who you are.”

We will continue to occasionally write blog posts about people who identify as sexual and gender minorities, so if you have any questions, feel free to ask!

(CHARM jenny)


  1. 2017.04.12

    […] 前回のブログでは、「LGBT」のトランスジェンダーについて詳しく説明しました。今回は、セクシュアルマイノリティーの人たちが支援や精神的なケアを受けることの難しさについて考えてみたいと思います。 […]